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This Internet version © Copyright D J Stewart 2000. All rights reserved.
Original version © Copyright D J Stewart 1959.

A bibliography of the first decade of cybernetics

D J STEWART


Index: Click on a letter below to go straight to that section

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N

- O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z - Symposia


O

OETINGER, A. (1952). Programming a. digital computer to learn. Phil. Mag. 7, 43, 1243-1263.

OGDEN, C.K. and RICHARDS, I.A. (1930). The meaning of meaning. London: Kegan Paul. Also New York: Harcourt Brace.

OLDFIELD, R.C. (1954). Memory mechanisms and the theory of schemata. Brit. J. Psychol. 45, 14.

OLIVER, B.M., PIERCE, J.R. and SHANNON, C.E. (1948). The philosphy of PCM. Proc. I.R.E. 36, 1324.

ORBELI, L.A. (1949). Vtoria signal naia sistema. (The second signal system). Neuropatol. i Psikhiat. 18(5), 8-19.

OSBORNE, J.W., QUASTLER, H., TWEEDELL, K.W. and WILSON, K.V. (1955). Human performance in information transmission - III. Technical report No. R-68, Control Systems Laboratory, Univer. of Illinois, Urbana.

OSGOOD, C.E. (1955). Fidelity and reliability. In H. Quastler (Ed.), Information theory in psychology. Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press.

OSTOW, M. (1949). Entropy changes in mental activity. J. nerv. ment. Dis. 110, 502-506.

OSTOW, M. (1951). The entropy concept and psychic function. Amer. Scientist. 39, 140-145.

P

PAKSWER, S. (1954). Information, entropy, and inductive logic. Phil. Sci. 21, 254-259.

PATTON, R.A. (Ed.), (1953). Current trends in information theory. Pittsburgh, Pa.: Univer. of Pittsburgh Press.

PENFIELD, W. (1952). Memory mechanisms. A.M A. Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 67, 178-198.

PETERS, R.W. (1954). Competing rnessages - the effect of interfering messages upon the reception of primary messages. US Naval Sch. Aviat. Med. Res. Rep. Project No. NM 001 064.01.27.

PETERSON, G.E. (1952). Information theory. 2 - Applications of information theory to research in experirnental phonetics. J. Speech Hearing Disorders 17, 175-187.

PETERSON, G.E. (1953). The information-bearing elements of speech. In W.Jackson (Ed.), Communication theory, second London symposium. London: Butterworths.

PIAGET, J. (1953). Structures operationelles et cybernetique. (Functional structures and cybernetics). Annee Psychol. 53, 379-390.

PIGORS, P. (1949 ). Effective communication in industry. What is its basis? National Ass. of Manufacturers, Lt. Rush Toland memorial study No. 1.

PINKERTON, R.C. (1956). Information theory and melody. Sci. Amer. 194-, 2, 77-86.

PINSKY, L. (1951). Do machines think about machines thinking? Mind, 60, 397-398.

PIRENNE, M.H. (1951). Mind-like behaviour in artefacts and the concept of mind. (Comment on MacKay, 1951). Brit. J. Phil. Sci. 2, 315.

PITTS, W. (1953). Investigations on synaptic transmission. In H. von Foerster (Ed.), Cybernetics - circular, causal and feedback mechanisms in biological and social systems. Transactions of the ninth conference. New York: Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation.

POLANYI, M. (1951). The hypothesis of cybernetics. Brit. J. Phil. Sci. 2, 312.

POLLACK, I. (1951). The assimilation of sequentially encoded information. Amer. Psychologist, 5, 8, 266-267. Also (1953) Amer. J. Psychol., 66, 3, 421-435.

POLLACK, I. (1952). The information of elementary auditory displays. J. acoust. Soc. Amer. 24, 745-749.

POLLACK, I. and PICKS, L. (1954). Information of elementary multidimensional auditory displays. J. acoust. Soc. Amer. 26, 155.

POPPER, K.R. (1950). Indeterminism in quantum physics and in classical Physics. (Part II, section 9.) Brit. J. Phil. Sci. 1, 173-195.

POST, E. (1936). Finite combinatory processes - formulation 1. J. Symbol. Logic, 1, 103-105.

POULTON, E.C. (1953). Two-channel listening. J. exp. Psychol. 46, 91-96.

POULTON, E.C. (1954). Eye-hand span in simple serial tasks. J. exp. Psychol. 47, 403-410.

PRIGOGINE, I. (1947). Etude thermodynamique des phenomenes irreversibles. (The thermodynamic study of irreversible phenomena.) Paris.

PRIGOGINE, I. and WIAME, J.M. (1946). Biologie et thermodynamique des phenomenes irreversibles. (Biology and thermodynamics of irreversible phenomena.) Experientia. (Basel), 2, 450-451.

PRINZ, D.G. (1952). Robot chess. Research, 5, 261-266.

PUIG ADAM, P. (1951). Sobre cibernetica - genesis y problemas. (Concerning cybernetics - genesis and problems.) Rev. Psicol. gen. apl., Madrid, 6, 515-525.

Q

QUASTLER, H. (1953a). Feedback mechanisms in cellular biology. In H. von Foerster (Ed.), Cybernetics -circular, causal and feedback mechansims in biological and social systems. Transactions of the ninth conference. New York: Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation.

QUASTLER, H. (1953b). The measure of specificity. In H. Quastler (Ed), Information theory in biology. Urbana: Univer. of Illinois Press.

QUASTLER, H. (1953c): The specificity of elementary biological functions. In H. Quastler (Ed.) Information theory in biology. Urbana, Ill: Univer. of Illinois Press.

QUASTLER, H. (1955a). Approximate estimation of information measures. In H. Quastler (Ed.), Information theory in psychology. Glencoe, Ill: Free Press.

QUASTLER, H. (1955b). Information theory terms and their pscyhological correlates. In H. Quastler (Ed.), Information theory in psychology. Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press.

QUASTLER, H. (1955c). Studies of human channel capacity. In E.O. Cherry (Ed.), Information theory, third London symposium. London: Butterworths.

QUASTLER, H. and WULFF, V.J. (1955a). Human performance in information transmission - I and II. Technical report No. R-62, Control Systems Laboratory, Univer. of Illinois, Urbana.

QUASTLER, H. and WULFF, V.J. (1955b). Human performance in information transmission - V. Technical report No. R-70, Control Systems Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana.

R

RABEL, G. (1948). Mathematical instruments and calculating machines. Science News, VII. London: Penguin Books, 122-125.

RAFFERTY, J.A. (1950). Mathematical model in biological theory. Amer. Scientist, 38, 4, 549.

RAPOPORT, A. (1950). Science and the goals of man. New York: Harper.

RAPOPORT, A. (1950-51). Mathematical biophysics, cybernetics and significs. Synthese, 8, 182-193.

RAPOPORT, A. (1953). What is information? Etc. Rev. gen. Semant. 10, 247-260.

RAPOPORT, A. (1955). Technological models of the nervous system. Psychiat. Res. Rep. No.2, 119-131.

RAPOPORT, A. and SHIMBEL, A. (1949a). Cybernetics and mathematical biology. Etc. Rev. gen. Semant.

RAPOPORT, A. and SHIMBEL, A. (1949b). Mathematical biophysics, cybernetics and general semantics. Etc. Rev. Gen. Semant. 6, 145-159.

RASHEVSKY, N. (1938). Mathematical biophysics. Chicago, Ill.: Univer. of Chicago Press. (Second edition, much revised, 1948.)

RASHEVSKY, N. (1945a) Mathematical biophysics of abstraction and logical thinking. Bull. Math. Biophys. 7, 133-148.

RASHEVSKY, N. (1945b) Some remarks on the Boolean algebra of nervous nets in mathematical biophysics. Bull. Math. Biophys. 7, 203-211.

RASHEVSKY, N. (1946). The neural mechanism of logical thinking. Bull. math. Biophys. 8, 1, 29-40.

RASHEVSKY, N. (1951). A note on imitative behaviour and information. Bull. math. Biophys. 13, 3.

RAYMOND, R. C. (1951). The well-informed heat engine. Amer. J. Phys. 19, 2, 109-111.

RAYMOND, R.C. (1950). Communication, entropy and life. Amer. Scientist, 38, 2, 273-278.

REICH, E. (1951). The game of 'gossip' analysed by the theory of information. Bull. math. Biophys. 13, 313-318.

RICE, S.O. (1944). Mathematical analysis of random noise. Bell Syst. tech. J. 23, 282-332 and 24, 46-156.

RICE. S.O. (1950). Communications in the presence of noise - probability of error for two encoding schemes. Bell Syst. tech. J. 29, 1, 60-93.

RICHARDS, D.L and SWAFFIELD, J. (1953). Measurement of the communciation rate of speech link - a preliminary appraisal of the problem. In W. Jackson (Ed.), Communication theory, second London symposium. London: Butterworths.

RICHARDS, D.L. (1953). Some aspects of the behaviour of telephone users as affected by the physical properties of the circuit. In W. Jackson (Ed.), Communication theory, second London symposium. London: Butterworths.

RICHARDS, I.A. (1952). Communication between men - meaning of language. In H. von Foerster (Ed.), Cybernetics - circular, causal and feedback mechanisms in biological and social systems. Transactions of the eighth conference. New York: Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation.

RICHARDS, P.I. (1951). Machines which can learn. Amer. Scientist, 39, 4, 711- 716.

RICHARDS, P.I. (1952). On game-learning machines. Sci. Mon., N.Y., 74, 201-205.

RICHARDSON, L.F. (1939). Generalised foreign politics. Brit. J. Psychol. Monog. Suppl. 23.

RIGNANO, E. (1926). Man not a machine. London: Paul, Trench and Trubner.

RODDAM, T. (1949) Communication theory, old and new. Science news XII. London: Penguin Books.

ROGERS, M.S. (1953) An application of information theory to the problem of the relationship between meaningfullness of material and performance in a learning situation. Dissertation Abstr. 13,600. Univer. Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Mich., Publ. No. 5164-.

ROGERS, M.S. and GREEN, B.F.(1955).The moments of sample information when the alternatives are equally likely. In H. Quastler (Ed.), Information theory in psychology. Glencoe, Ill: Free Press.

ROSENBLITH, W.A. (1949). Cybernetics - book review of Wiener (1948b). Ann. Amer. Acad. 264, 187.

ROSENBLUETH, A. and WIENER, N. (1945). The role of models in Science. Phil. Sci. 12, 316-322.

ROSENBLUETH, A., WIENER N. and BIGELOW, J. (1943). Behaviour, purpose and teleology. Phil. Sci. 10, 1, 18-24.

ROTHSTEIN, J. (1951). Information, measurement, and quantum mechanics. Science, 114, 171-175.

RUARK, A.E. (1951). Information theory. Part of Report No.145, Programs Research Unit, Institute for Cooperative Research, The John Hopkins University.

RUESCH, J. (1952). The therapeutic process. IV - The tberapeutic process from the point of view of communication theory. Amer. J. Orthopsychiat. 22, 690-700.

RUESCH, J. and BATESON, G. (1949). Structure and process in social relations. Psychiatry, 12, 2, 105-124.

RUESCH, J. and BATESON, G. (1951). Communication. The social matrix of psychiatry. New York: Norton.

RUSHTON, W.A.H. (1950). The problem of the information which the brain receives from the eye. In Information theory, first London symposium. London: Ministry of Supply. Mimeographed.

RUYER, R. (1952). Le probleme de l'informationet la cybernetique. (The problem of information and cybernetics.) J. Psychol. norm. path. 45, 385-418.

S

SADOSKY, M. (1954). Cibernetica - realidades y falacias. (Cybernetics - facts and falacies.) Acta neuropsiquiat Argent. 1, 97-103.

SADOSKY, M. (1955). Cibernetica (conclusion) - matematicas, logia y maquinas. (Cybernetics (conclusion) - mathematics, logic and machines.) Acta. Neuropsiqiat. Argent. 1, 300-307.

SAMSON, E.W. (1953). Fundamental natural concepts of information theory. Etc. Rev. Gen. Semant. 10, 283-297.

SAMUEL, A.L. (1953). Computing bit by bit or digital computers made easy. Proc. I.R.E. 41, 10, 1223-1230.

SAMUELSON, P.A. (1947). Foundations of economic analysis. (part II and Appendix B.) Cambridge: Harvard Univer. Press.

SAPIR, E. (1931 ). Communication. Encyclopedia of the social sciences. Vol IV. New York: Macmillan.

SCHAFER, T.H. (1955). A basic experiment in detection. In H. Quastler (Ed.), Information theory in psychology. Glencoe, Ill: Free Press.

SCHNEIRIA, T.D. and PEIL, G. (1948). The army ant. Sci. American, 178, 6, 22-26.

SCHNEIRLA, T.D. (1951). The levels concept in the study of social organisation in animals. In J.H. Rohrer and M. Sherif (Eds.), Social psychology at the crossroads. New York: Harper.

SCHOUTEN, J.F. (1955). Ignorance, knowledge and information. In E.C. Cherry (Ed.), Information theory, third London symposium. London: Butterworths.

SCHRAMM, W. (1955). Information theory and mass communication. Journalism Quart. 32, 131-146.

SCHRODINGER, E. (1944). What is life? Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge Univer. Press. Also (1945) New York: Macmillan.

SCHUTZENBERGER, M.P. (1955). On some measures of information used in statistics. In E.C. Cherry (Ed. ), Information theory, third London symposium. London: Butterworths.

SELFRIDGE, O.G. (1955). Pattern recognition and learning. In E.C. Cherry (Ed.), Information theory, third Iondon symposium. London: Butterworths.

SENDERS, J.W. (1955). Man's capacity to use information from complex displays. In H. Quastler (Ed.), Iniformation theory in psychology. Glencoe, Ill: Free Press.

SENDERS, V.L (1955). The effect of number of subjects on the estimate of transmitted information. In H. Quastler (Ed.), Information theory in psychology. Glencoe, Ill: Free Press.

SENDERS, V.L. and COHEN, J. (1955). The effects of sequential dependencies on instrument reading performance. In H. Quastler (Ed.), Information theory in psychology. Glencoe, Ill: Free Press.

SERRELL, R. (1953). Elements of Boolean algebra for the study of information handling systems. Proc. I.R.E. 41, 10, 1366-1380.

SHANNON, C.E. (1938). A symbolic analysis of relay and switching circuits. Elec. Engng. Transactions Suppl. 57, 713-723.

SHANNON, C.E. (1948). A mathematical theory of communication. Bell Syst. tech. J. 27, 379-424 and 623-657.

SHANNON, C.E. (1949a). Communication in the presence of noise. Proc. I.R.E. 37, 10-21.

SHANNON, C.E. (1949b). Communication theory of secrecy systems. Bell Syst. tech. J. 28, 656-715.

SHANNON, C.E. (1949c). Synthesis of tvo-terminal switching circuits. Bell Syst. tech. J. 28, 59-98.

SHANNON, C.E. (1950a). Chess-playing machine. Sci. Amer. 182, 2, 48-51.

SHANNON, C.E. (1950b). Communication theory - exposition of fundamentals. In Information theory, first London symposium, London: Ministry of Supply. Mimeographed.

SHANNON, C.E. (1950c). General treatment of the problem of coding. In Information theory, first London symposium. London: Ministry of Supply. Mimeographed.

SHANNON, C.E. (1950d). The lattice theory of information. In Informaation theory, first London symposium. London: Ministry of Supply. Mimeographed.

SHANNON, C.E. (1950e). Memory requirements in a telephone exchange. Bell Syst. tech. J. 29, 3, 343-349.

SHANNON, C.E. (1950f). Programming a computer for playing chess. Phil. Mag. 41, 256-275.

SHANNON, C.E. (1950g). Recent developments in communication theory. Electronics, 23, 80-84.

SHANNON, C.E. (1951a).. Prediction and entropy of printed English. Bell Syst. tech. J. 30, 1, 50-64.

SHANNON, C.E. (1951b). The redundancy of English. In H. von Foerster (Ed.), Cybernetics - circular, causal and feedback mechanisms in biological and social systems. Transactions of the seventh conference. New York: Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation.

SHANNON, C.E. (1952). Presentation of a maze-solving machine. In H. von Foerster (Ed.), Cybernetics - circular, causal and feedback mechanisms in biological and social systems. Transactions of the eighth conference. New York: Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation.

SHANNON, C.E. (1953). Computers and automata. Proc. I.R.E. 41, 1235-1241.

SHANNON, C.E. (1956). A universal Turing machine with two internal states. In C.E. Shannon and J. McCarthy (Eds.), Automata Studies. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton Univer. Press.

SHANNON, C.E. and WEAVER, W. (1949). The mathematical theory of communication. Urbana, Ill: Univer. of Illinois Press.

SHEPARD, H.A. ( ). Social system of a research group. Mimeographed.

SHIMBEL, A. (1949 ). Input-output problems in simple-nerve ganglion systems. Bull. math. Biophys. 11, 165-171.

SHIMBEL, A. (1952). Some elementary considerations of neural models. Bull. math. Biophys. 14, 68-71.

SHOLL, D.A. (1956). The organisation of the cerebral cortex. New York: Wiley.

SHOLL, D.A. and UTTLEY, A.M. (1953). Pattern discrimination and the visual cortex. Nature, London, 172, 387-388.

SIMON, H.A. ( ). .An exploration into the use of servomechanism theory in the study of production control. Cowels Commission discussion paper - Economics, No.288. Mimeographed copy for private circulation.

SIMON, H.A. (1948a). Administrative behaviour. New York: Macmillan.

SIMON, H.A. (1948b). A study of decision-making processes in administrative organisation. New York: Macmillan.

SIMON, H.A., SMITHBURG, D. and THOMPSON, V.A. (1950). Public administration. New York: Knopf.

SLATER, E. (1950). Statistics for the chess computer and the factor of mobility. In Information theory, first London symposium. London: Ministry of Supply. Mimeographed.

SLEPIAN, D. (1955). A class of binary signalling alphabets. In E.C. Cherry (Ed.), Information theory, third London symposium. London: Butterworths.

SLUCKIN, W. (1954). Minds and machines. London: Penguin Books.

SMITH, E.S. (1944). Automatic control engineering. New York: McGraw-Hill.

SMITH, K. (1951). Psychology and the concept of 'Life'. Psychol. Rev. 58, 5, 330.

SOMENZI, V. (1955). Can induction be mechanized? In E.C. Cherry (Ed.), Information theory, third London symposium. London: Butterworths.

SPIETH, W., CURTIS, J.F. and WEBSTER, J.C. (1954). Responding to one of two simultaneous messages. J. acoust. Soc. Amer. 26, 391-396.

SPILSBURY, R.T. (1952). Mentality in machines. Symposium. Proc. Aristotelian Soc. Supplementary Vol. 16.

STAGNER, R. (1951). Homeostasis as a unifying concept in personality theory. Psychol. Rev. 58, 5-17.

STEVENS, S. (1950). Proceedings of the speech communication conference at M.I.T.; introduction - a definition of communication. J. acoust. Soc. Amer. 22, 689-690.

STORR, A. (1956). A note on cybernetics and analytical psychology. J. anal. Psychol. 1, 93-95.

STRACHEY, C.S. (1952). Logical or non-mathematical programmes. Proc. Ass. Computing Machinery, Toronto, 46-49.

STRAUS, O.H. (1950). The relation of phonetics and linguistics to communication theory. J. acoust. Soc. Amer. 22, 6, 709-711.

STROUD, J.M. (1948). The moment function hypothesis. MA. Thesis, Stanford Univer.

STROUD, J.M. (1950). Psychological moment in perception - discussion. In H. von Foerster (Ed.), Cybernetics - circular, causal and feedback mechanisms in biological and social systems. Transactions of the sixth conference. New York: Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation.

STROUD, J.M. (1951). The development of language in early childhood. In H. von Foerster (Ed.), Cybernetics -circular, causal and feedback mechanisms in biological and soical systems. Transactions of the seventh conference. New York: Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation.

STROUD, J.M. (1955). The fine structure of psychological time. In H. Quastler (Ed.), Information theory in psychology. Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press.

SWEET, A.L. (1953). Some problems in the application of cognitive theory to personality functioning. J. Pers. 22, 41-51.

SZILARD, I. (1929). Uber die Entropieverminderung in einem thermodynamischen system bei Eingriffen intelligenter Wesen. (The diminution of entropy in a thermodynamic system caused by the intervention of intelligent beings.) Z. Physik, 53, 840-856.

T

TAKADA, Y. (1954). Tsushin riron ni tsuite. (On the mathematical theory of communication.) Jap. J. Psychol. 25, 110-11 7.

TANNER, W.P.Jr. (1955). On the design of psychophysical experiments. In H. Quastler (Ed.), Information theory in psychology. Glencoe, Ill: Free Press.

TAYLOR, R. (1950). Comments on a mechanistic conception of purposefulness. Phil. Sci. 17.

TAYLOR, W.K. (1955). Electrical simulation of some nervous system functional activities. In E.C. Cherry (Ed.), Information theory, third Londan symposium. London: Butterworths.

THALER, G.J. and BROWN, R.G. (1953). Servomechanism analysis. New York: McGraw-Hill.

THOMAS, W.H. (1953). Fundamentals of digital computer programming. Proc. I.R.E. 41, 10, 1245-1249.

THOMS0N, R. and SLUCKIN W. (1954). Machines, robots and minds. Durham Univer. J., (England) 46, 116-122.

THOMSON, R. and SLUCKIN, W. (1953). Cybernetics and mental functioning. Brit. J. Phil. Sci. 3, 130-146.

TOLMAN, E.C. (1932). Purposive behaviour in animals and men. Berkeley: Univer. of California Press.

TOLMAN, E.C. (1938). Principles of statistical mechanics. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

TRIMMER, J.D. (1949). Instrumentation and cybernetics. Sci. Mon. N.Y. 69, 328-331.

TRIMMER, J.D. (1950). Response of physical systems. New York: Wiley.

TSIEN, H.S. (1951). Engineering cybernetics. New York: McGraw-Hill.

TULLER, W.G. ( ). Theoretical limitations on the rate of transmission of information. Technical Report No. 114, Research Laboratory of Electronics, M.I.T. Also (1949). Proc. I.R.E. 37, 468

TURING, A.M. (1937). On computable numbers with reference to the Entscheidungsproblem. Proc. London math. Soc. 2-42, 230-265.

TURING, A.M. (1950). Computing machinery and intelligence. Mind, 59, 433-460. Also (1954). Methodos, 23, 6.

TURING, A.M. (1948). Intelligent machinery. Unpublished paper.

TUSTIN, A. (1953). Do modern mechanisms help us to understand the mind? Brit. J. Psychol. 44, 1, 24.

TWEEDELL, K.S. (1953). Identical twinning and the information content of zygotes. In H. Quastler (Ed.), Information theory in Biology. Urbana, Ill: Univer. of Illinois Press.

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